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The 15 Corporations That Create Most Cars: A Family Tree of Automotive Makers

Who owns Lexus? Is Dodge still owned by Chrysler? Does Toyota own Scion? Did GM bring Hummer back? The car company family tree can be confusing, with many mergers, purchases, partnerships, successes, and failures over the years. The team at Alan’s Factory Outlet is passionate about cars (and garages to store them in!), so we created the ultimate guide to car brand connections, who owns the most car brands, and how much money car brands make:

15 Corporations that create most cars

Here is a Printable PDF of The 15 Corporations That Create Most Cars: A Family Tree of Automotive Makers

What Are the Most Profitable Car Companies?

The ten most successful car companies based on 2020 revenue are as follows:

  1. Volkswagen revenue: $282.76 billion
  2. Toyota revenue: $275.29 billion
  3. Daimler revenue: $193.35 billion
  4. Ford revenue: $155.9 billion
  5. Honda revenue: $137.33 billion
  6. General Motors revenue: $137.27 billion
  7. Saic revenue: $122.07 billion
  8. BMW revenue: $116.64 billion
  9. Nissan revenue: $90.86 billion
  10. Hyundai revenue: $90.74 billion

These numbers have been updated since we initially created this infographic. We also created a visual resource exploring the car companies that made the most in 2020 and how they changed from the previous year. While Toyota made the most in revenue, Volkswagen was the most profitable overall.

What Brands Does General Motors Own?

General Motors Company, headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, is the largest vehicle manufacturer in the United States and one of the largest in the world. But what companies are under GM? Here is a list of car brands owned by GM as well as retired GM brands:

  • Chevrolet (owned by GM since 1917)
  • Buick (owned by GM since 1908)
  • GMC (owned by GM since 1909)
  • Cadillac (owned by GM since 1909)
  • Baojun (owned by GM since 2010)
  • Jiefang (owned by GM and FAW Group since 2009)
  • Wuling (owned by SAIC-GM-Wuling since 2002)

Those are the major GM subsidiaries that contribute to General Motors revenue, which reached $145.59 billion in 2017 but has since declined to $127 billion in 2021. General Motors held the crown as the largest automaker worldwide for 77 consecutive years, from 1931, when it surpassed Ford Motor Company, until 2008, when it was overtaken by Toyota.

What GM Brands Were Discontinued?

Here are the GM brands that no longer exist and when they met their demise:

  • Alpheon (2010-15)
  • Asüna (1992-94)
  • Beaumont (1966-69)
  • Bedford (1931-91)
  • Cartercar (1905-15)
  • Daewoo (1937-2005)
  • Holden (1856-2020)
  • Hummer (1992-2010)
  • LaSalle (1927-40)
  • McLaughlin (1907-42)
  • Oldsmobile (1897-2004)
  • Pontiac (1926-2010)
  • Saab (1945-2012)
  • Saturn (1985-2010)

Why Did Hummer Go Out of Business?

One of the major factors that contributed to the downfall of Hummer is that consumers became more conscious about gas mileage and the environmental impact of their vehicles. However, GM has launched a Hummer comeback, referring to the new models as “The World’s First All-Electric Supertrucks.”

What Brands Does Volkswagen Own?

Who owns Bentley? Who owns Porsche? The answer to both is Volkswagen. And is Audi owned by VW, too? The answer is yes! Volkswagen Group has an awe-inspiring ensemble of iconic car brands. Volkswagen is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany. It was founded in 1937 by the German Labour Front, which adds credibility to the name; in German, volk translates to “people” and wagen is car, so it’s “the people’s car.” The iconic Volkswagen Beetle was created with this mentality in mind — the goal was to make an affordable, functional vehicle that could be used by the masses. Volkswagen revenue reached $256.7 billion in 2017; in fact, it was the largest carmaker by worldwide sales in 2016 and 2017. It experienced success in the following years as well; 2020 VW revenue rose to $282.76 billion, making it the second-most-profitable car company after Toyota. Here are the car brands owned by Volkswagen:

  • Volkswagen
  • Porsche
  • Lamborghini
  • Audi
  • Bentley
  • Bugatti
  • SEAT
  • Scania AB
  • Italdesign Giugiario S.p.A. (90.1% stake)
  • Cupra
  • Ducati
  • Škoda

As you can see, Volkswagen subsidiaries include several luxury car brands that are legendary in their own right. Porsche net revenue in 2020 reached $14.04 billion, while Lamborghini net revenue reached $1.8 billion. How much did Audi make in 2020? Audi revenue was an impressive $55.8 billion in 2020, according to Volkswagen’s annual report.

What Brands Does Toyota Own?

Here is a rundown of current Toyota brands and brands that Toyota has a stake in:

  • Toyota
  • Lexus
  • Hino
  • Daihatsu
  • Subaru (20% stake)
  • Izuzu
  • Ranz
  • GAC Toyota (joint venture)
  • TPCA (joint venture)
  • Toyota Kirloskar (joint venture)
  • Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor (joint venture)

Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational auto manufacturer with headquarters in Toyota City, Aichi, Japan. Toyota has been massively successful; in fact, the Toyota Corolla is the best-selling car of all time. How many Toyota Corollas have been sold? In 2021, Toyota surpassed the milestone of 50 million Toyota Corollas sold over 12 generations.

How Profitable Is Toyota?

When we made the infographic, Toyota revenue had hit $260.8 billion. In 2020, Toyota revenue increased to $272 billion.

Why Did Scion Shut Down?

Despite initial sales successes, the popularity of Scion dwindled over time. Toyota created Scion to appeal to younger audiences, but it turned out that this demographic was perfectly content to purchase existing Toyota vehicles. This defunct Toyota brand was discontinued in 2016.

What Brands Does Chrysler Own?

The question of what Chrysler owns gets a little complicated because Chrysler became part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles in 2014, and FCA merged with Peugeot in 2021 to become a new company called Stellantis. So what car companies does Stellantis own?

  • Peugeot
  • Citroen
  • DS Automobiles
  • Opel
  • Vauxhall
  • Fiat
  • Dodge
  • Ram
  • Jeep
  • Abarth
  • Alfa Romeo
  • Lancia
  • Maserati

What Brands Does Ford Own?

Ford is another automotive manufacturing superpower, earning $156.78 billion in revenue. Ford is the second-largest auto manufacturer in the United States and the fifth-largest automaker in the world. Brands owned by Ford include:

  • Ford
  • Lincoln
  • Troller
  • Aston Martin (8% stake)
  • Jiangling Motors
  • Changan Ford
  • Ford Lio Ho
  • AutoAlliance Thailand
  • Ford Otosan
  • Ford Sollers

Mercury, Edsel, and Merkur are all defunct Ford brands.

What Brands Does BMW Own?

Car brands under BMW include:

  • BMW
  • BMW i
  • MBW M
  • Mini
  • Rolls-Royce

By the way, if you’ve ever wondered what “BMW” stands for, the answer is Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH, which roughly translates to “Bavarian Engine Works Company.”

What Brands Does Hyundai Own?

Brands owned by Hyundai, a Korean car manufacturer that was founded in 1967, include:

  • Hyundai
  • Kia
  • Genesis

What Brands Does Honda Own?

There are only two brands owned by Honda: Honda and Acura. But Honda, founded in 1946, is still the eighth-largest car manufacturer worldwide as well as the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world.

What Brands Does Daimler Own?

Daimler is now known as the Mercedes-Benz Group AG, headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Brands owned by the Mercedes-Benz Group include:

  • Mercedes-Benz
  • Mercedes-AMG
  • Denza (joint venture)
  • Smart
  • BAIC Group

The 15 Corporations That Create Most Cars: A Family Tree of Automotive Makers

Parent Company and 2017 Revenue  Brands Retired Brands
General Motors   $145.59 billion  Chevrolet United StatesDaewoo Korea
Buick United StatesSaab Sweden
GMC United StatesOldsmobile United States
Cadillac United StatesHummer United States
Baojun ChinaSaturn United States
Jiefang ChinaVauxhall Germany
Wuling ChinaOpel Germany
Holden AustraliaMcLaughlin Canada
Pontiac United States
Oakland United States
Ford Motor Company   $156.78 billion  Ford United StatesMercury United States
Lincoln United StatesEdsel United States
Troller BrazilMerkur United States
Aston Martin (8% stake) Great Britain
Jiangling Motors China
Changan Ford China
Ford Lio Ho Taiwan
AutoAlliance Thailand Thailand
Ford Otosan Turkey
Ford Sollers Russia
Tesla   $11.76 billionTesla United States  
Bayerische Motoren Werke AG   $112.9 billion  BMW Germany
BMW M Germany
BMW i Germany
Mini Great Britain
Rolls-Royce Great Britain
Toyota Motor Corp.   $260.8 billion    Toyota JapanScion United States
Lexus Japan
Hino Japan
Ranz China
Daihatsu Japan
Subaru (16.66% stake) Japan
Isuzu (5.9% stake) Japan
GAC Toyota (joint venture) China
Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor (joint venture) China
TPCA (joint venture) Czechia
Toyota Kirloskar (Joint Venture) India
Daimler AG $188.4 billion  Mercedes-Benz GermanyMaybach Motorenbau Germany
Mercedes-AMG Germany
Smart Germany
Denza (Joint Venture) China
BAIC Group (Joint Venture) China
Hyundai Motor Group $85.91 billion  Hyundai South Korea
Kia South Korea
Genesis South Korea
Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance* $189.8 billionRenault FranceLada Russia
Société des Automobiles Alpine SAS France  
Automobile Dacia Romania  
Renault Samsung Motors France  
AvtoVAZ Russia  
Nissan (Renault has a 43.4% stake) JapanNissan Japan 
Infiniti Japan 
Datsun Japan 
Nismo Japan 
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (34% owned by Nissan) Japan
Honda Motor Company Ltd. $139.4 billion  Honda Japan
Acura Japan
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. $110.9 billion  Fiat S.p.A. ItalyFiat Automobiles S.p.A. ItalyAutobianchi Italy
Maserati S.p.A. ItalyInnocenti Italy
Abarth & C. S.p.A. Italy 
Alfa Romeo S.p.A. Italy 
Fiat Professional Italy 
Lancia Automobiles S.p.A. Italy 
Ferrari S.p.A. (90% stake) Italy 
Tofaş (joint venture) Turkey 
Fiat Automóveis S.A. Brazil 
Fiat Argentina Argentina 
Fiat Automobili Srbija Serbia 
Polski Fiat/FSO Poland 
Chrysler United StatesDodge United StatesDeSoto United States
Jeep United StatesPlymouth United States
Ram United StatesFargo United States
Chrysler United StatesAmerican Motors Corporation United States
Maxwell United States
Graham Brothers United States
Imperial United States
Valiant United States
Eagle United States
SRT United States
Volkswagen Group $265.7 billion  Volkswagen Germany
Audi Germany
Bentley Great Britain
Bugatti France
Lamborghini Italy
Porsche Germany
SEAT Spain
Škoda Czechia
Italdesign Giugiaro S.p.A. (90.1% stake) Italy
Scania AB Sweden
Peugeot S.A. $75.5 billion  Peugeot France
Citroën France
DS Automobiles France
Opel German
Vauxhall Motors Great Britain
Aixam-Mega France
Suzuki Motor Corp. $34.1 billionSuzuki Japan
Geely $14.8 billion  Geely Auto China
Lotus Great Britain
Lynk & Co. China
Proton Malaysia
Volvo Sweden
Tata Group $100.4 billionTata India
Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC Great BritainJaguar Great Britain 
Land Rover Great Britain 

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