Who owns Lexus? Is Dodge still owned by Chrysler? Does Toyota own Scion? Did GM bring Hummer back? The car company family tree can be confusing, with many mergers, purchases, partnerships, successes, and failures over the years. The team at Alan’s Factory Outlet is passionate about cars (and garages to store them in!), so we created the ultimate guide to car brand connections, who owns the most car brands, and how much money car brands make:
What Are the Most Profitable Car Companies?
The ten most successful car companies based on 2020 revenue are as follows:
- Volkswagen revenue: $282.76 billion
- Toyota revenue: $275.29 billion
- Daimler revenue: $193.35 billion
- Ford revenue: $155.9 billion
- Honda revenue: $137.33 billion
- General Motors revenue: $137.27 billion
- Saic revenue: $122.07 billion
- BMW revenue: $116.64 billion
- Nissan revenue: $90.86 billion
- Hyundai revenue: $90.74 billion
These numbers have been updated since we initially created this infographic. We also created a visual resource exploring the car companies that made the most in 2020 and how they changed from the previous year. While Toyota made the most in revenue, Volkswagen was the most profitable overall.
What Brands Does General Motors Own?
General Motors Company, headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, is the largest vehicle manufacturer in the United States and one of the largest in the world. But what companies are under GM? Here is a list of car brands owned by GM as well as retired GM brands:
- Chevrolet (owned by GM since 1917)
- Buick (owned by GM since 1908)
- GMC (owned by GM since 1909)
- Cadillac (owned by GM since 1909)
- Baojun (owned by GM since 2010)
- Jiefang (owned by GM and FAW Group since 2009)
- Wuling (owned by SAIC-GM-Wuling since 2002)
Those are the major GM subsidiaries that contribute to General Motors revenue, which reached $145.59 billion in 2017 but has since declined to $127 billion in 2021. General Motors held the crown as the largest automaker worldwide for 77 consecutive years, from 1931, when it surpassed Ford Motor Company, until 2008, when it was overtaken by Toyota.
What GM Brands Were Discontinued?
Here are the GM brands that no longer exist and when they met their demise:
- Alpheon (2010-15)
- Asüna (1992-94)
- Beaumont (1966-69)
- Bedford (1931-91)
- Cartercar (1905-15)
- Daewoo (1937-2005)
- Holden (1856-2020)
- Hummer (1992-2010)
- LaSalle (1927-40)
- McLaughlin (1907-42)
- Oldsmobile (1897-2004)
- Pontiac (1926-2010)
- Saab (1945-2012)
- Saturn (1985-2010)
Why Did Hummer Go Out of Business?
One of the major factors that contributed to the downfall of Hummer is that consumers became more conscious about gas mileage and the environmental impact of their vehicles. However, GM has launched a Hummer comeback, referring to the new models as “The World’s First All-Electric Supertrucks.”
What Brands Does Volkswagen Own?
Who owns Bentley? Who owns Porsche? The answer to both is Volkswagen. And is Audi owned by VW, too? The answer is yes! Volkswagen Group has an awe-inspiring ensemble of iconic car brands. Volkswagen is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany. It was founded in 1937 by the German Labour Front, which adds credibility to the name; in German, volk translates to “people” and wagen is car, so it’s “the people’s car.” The iconic Volkswagen Beetle was created with this mentality in mind — the goal was to make an affordable, functional vehicle that could be used by the masses. Volkswagen revenue reached $256.7 billion in 2017; in fact, it was the largest carmaker by worldwide sales in 2016 and 2017. It experienced success in the following years as well; 2020 VW revenue rose to $282.76 billion, making it the second-most-profitable car company after Toyota. Here are the car brands owned by Volkswagen:
- Scania AB
- Italdesign Giugiario S.p.A. (90.1% stake)
As you can see, Volkswagen subsidiaries include several luxury car brands that are legendary in their own right. Porsche net revenue in 2020 reached $14.04 billion, while Lamborghini net revenue reached $1.8 billion. How much did Audi make in 2020? Audi revenue was an impressive $55.8 billion in 2020, according to Volkswagen’s annual report.
What Brands Does Toyota Own?
Here is a rundown of current Toyota brands and brands that Toyota has a stake in:
- Subaru (20% stake)
- GAC Toyota (joint venture)
- TPCA (joint venture)
- Toyota Kirloskar (joint venture)
- Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor (joint venture)
Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational auto manufacturer with headquarters in Toyota City, Aichi, Japan. Toyota has been massively successful; in fact, the Toyota Corolla is the best-selling car of all time. How many Toyota Corollas have been sold? In 2021, Toyota surpassed the milestone of 50 million Toyota Corollas sold over 12 generations.
How Profitable Is Toyota?
When we made the infographic, Toyota revenue had hit $260.8 billion. In 2020, Toyota revenue increased to $272 billion.
Why Did Scion Shut Down?
Despite initial sales successes, the popularity of Scion dwindled over time. Toyota created Scion to appeal to younger audiences, but it turned out that this demographic was perfectly content to purchase existing Toyota vehicles. This defunct Toyota brand was discontinued in 2016.
What Brands Does Chrysler Own?
The question of what Chrysler owns gets a little complicated because Chrysler became part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles in 2014, and FCA merged with Peugeot in 2021 to become a new company called Stellantis. So what car companies does Stellantis own?
- DS Automobiles
- Alfa Romeo
What Brands Does Ford Own?
Ford is another automotive manufacturing superpower, earning $156.78 billion in revenue. Ford is the second-largest auto manufacturer in the United States and the fifth-largest automaker in the world. Brands owned by Ford include:
- Aston Martin (8% stake)
- Jiangling Motors
- Changan Ford
- Ford Lio Ho
- AutoAlliance Thailand
- Ford Otosan
- Ford Sollers
Mercury, Edsel, and Merkur are all defunct Ford brands.
What Brands Does BMW Own?
Car brands under BMW include:
- BMW i
- MBW M
By the way, if you’ve ever wondered what “BMW” stands for, the answer is Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH, which roughly translates to “Bavarian Engine Works Company.”
What Brands Does Hyundai Own?
Brands owned by Hyundai, a Korean car manufacturer that was founded in 1967, include:
What Brands Does Honda Own?
There are only two brands owned by Honda: Honda and Acura. But Honda, founded in 1946, is still the eighth-largest car manufacturer worldwide as well as the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world.
What Brands Does Daimler Own?
Daimler is now known as the Mercedes-Benz Group AG, headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Brands owned by the Mercedes-Benz Group include:
- Denza (joint venture)
- BAIC Group
The 15 Corporations That Create Most Cars: A Family Tree of Automotive Makers
|Parent Company and 2017 Revenue||Brands||Retired Brands|
|General Motors $145.59 billion||Chevrolet United States||Daewoo Korea|
|Buick United States||Saab Sweden|
|GMC United States||Oldsmobile United States|
|Cadillac United States||Hummer United States|
|Baojun China||Saturn United States|
|Jiefang China||Vauxhall Germany|
|Wuling China||Opel Germany|
|Holden Australia||McLaughlin Canada|
|Pontiac United States|
|Oakland United States|
|Ford Motor Company $156.78 billion||Ford United States||Mercury United States|
|Lincoln United States||Edsel United States|
|Troller Brazil||Merkur United States|
|Aston Martin (8% stake) Great Britain|
|Jiangling Motors China|
|Changan Ford China|
|Ford Lio Ho Taiwan|
|AutoAlliance Thailand Thailand|
|Ford Otosan Turkey|
|Ford Sollers Russia|
|Tesla $11.76 billion||Tesla United States|
|Bayerische Motoren Werke AG $112.9 billion||BMW Germany|
|BMW M Germany|
|BMW i Germany|
|Mini Great Britain|
|Rolls-Royce Great Britain|
|Toyota Motor Corp. $260.8 billion||Toyota Japan||Scion United States|
|Subaru (16.66% stake) Japan|
|Isuzu (5.9% stake) Japan|
|GAC Toyota (joint venture) China|
|Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor (joint venture) China|
|TPCA (joint venture) Czechia|
|Toyota Kirloskar (Joint Venture) India|
|Daimler AG $188.4 billion||Mercedes-Benz Germany||Maybach Motorenbau Germany|
|Denza (Joint Venture) China|
|BAIC Group (Joint Venture) China|
|Hyundai Motor Group $85.91 billion||Hyundai South Korea|
|Kia South Korea|
|Genesis South Korea|
|Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance* $189.8 billion||Renault France||Lada Russia|
|Société des Automobiles Alpine SAS France|
|Automobile Dacia Romania|
|Renault Samsung Motors France|
|Nissan (Renault has a 43.4% stake) Japan||Nissan Japan|
|Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (34% owned by Nissan) Japan|
|Honda Motor Company Ltd. $139.4 billion||Honda Japan|
|Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. $110.9 billion||Fiat S.p.A. Italy||Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. Italy||Autobianchi Italy|
|Maserati S.p.A. Italy||Innocenti Italy|
|Abarth & C. S.p.A. Italy|
|Alfa Romeo S.p.A. Italy|
|Fiat Professional Italy|
|Lancia Automobiles S.p.A. Italy|
|Ferrari S.p.A. (90% stake) Italy|
|Tofaş (joint venture) Turkey|
|Fiat Automóveis S.A. Brazil|
|Fiat Argentina Argentina|
|Fiat Automobili Srbija Serbia|
|Polski Fiat/FSO Poland|
|Chrysler United States||Dodge United States||DeSoto United States|
|Jeep United States||Plymouth United States|
|Ram United States||Fargo United States|
|Chrysler United States||American Motors Corporation United States|
|Maxwell United States|
|Graham Brothers United States|
|Imperial United States|
|Valiant United States|
|Eagle United States|
|SRT United States|
|Volkswagen Group $265.7 billion||Volkswagen Germany|
|Bentley Great Britain|
|Italdesign Giugiaro S.p.A. (90.1% stake) Italy|
|Scania AB Sweden|
|Peugeot S.A. $75.5 billion||Peugeot France|
|DS Automobiles France|
|Vauxhall Motors Great Britain|
|Suzuki Motor Corp. $34.1 billion||Suzuki Japan|
|Geely $14.8 billion||Geely Auto China|
|Lotus Great Britain|
|Lynk & Co. China|
|Tata Group $100.4 billion||Tata India|
|Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC Great Britain||Jaguar Great Britain|
|Land Rover Great Britain|